Livestock Supply Chain

Conceptual Development of Management.History of supply chain management is more than a century when it was used to be highly labour intensive, but simple in practice. With the increase in modern transport technology, the concept of supply chain management has been changed with compressive packaging technology, real-time computational network, and cold logistic system with the facility of instant information on goods under transport process. In this connection, both industrial engineering and operational research play significant role. The concept of operational system was initiated during World War II when scientists demonstrated the value of analytics in the military logistics problems. During the 1940s and 1950s, lots of efforts were made to minimize labour intensive practice in material handling and better warehouse system for the safety and security of materials. In the mid-1950s, the concept of transportation management with the development of intermodal containers together with ship, trains, and trucks to handle these containers was initiated for quickening the process of material transport. Soon after a decade, by the 1960s, industrialists started to prefer freight transportation rather than truck and rail. Earlier to the 1960s, all types of documentation were used to be managed manually. The computerization of this data opened new chapter in supply chain management and logistics planning, from randomized storage in warehouses to optimization of inventory and truck routing. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, many premier institutes like the Georgia Tech of the Production and Distribution Research Centre, the Material Handling Research Centre, and the Computational Optimization Centre were involved in to find out the applied aspects of theoretical model on microchips based supply chain management process.
authors: Pramod Kumar Rout and Basanta Kumara Behera